'As to the system of hereditary salaries, that is already observed in T'ang.Go here to read the introductory post to this serialized version of the Works of Mencius.
'It is said in the Book of Poetry,"May the rain come down on our public field, And then upon our private fields!"It is only in the system of mutual aid that there is a public field, and from this passage we perceive that even in the Châu dynasty this system has been recognized.
'Establish hsiang, hsü, hsio, and hsiâo,-- all those educational institutions,-- for the instruction of the people. The name hsiang indicates nourishing as its object; hsiâo, indicates teaching; and hsü indicates archery. By the Hsiâ dynasty the name hsiâo was used; by the Yin, that of hsü; and by the Châu, that of hsiang. As to the hsio, they belonged to the three dynasties, and by that name. The object of them all is to illustrate the human relations. When those are thus illustrated by superiors, kindly feeling will prevail among the inferior people below.
'Should a real sovereign arise, he will certainly come and take an example from you; and thus you will be the teacher of the true sovereign.
'It is said in the Book of Poetry,Although Châu was an old country,That is said with reference to king Wan. Do you practise those things with vigour, and you also will by them make new your kingdom.'
It received a new destiny."
~ James Legge translation via nothingistic.org ~